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Early references to the Ingledew name

      Whilst reading John Pybus Ingledew's diary of his trip to Egypt I came across the following reference:   After dinner Mr. Hill informed me that about 300 years ago a Sir Thomas Ingledew founded two fellowships in the College of St. Mary Magdalene, Oxford - the fellows to be elected from natives of Yorkshire. The fellowships still exist under the name of the "Ingledew Fellowships" and sometimes the "Yorkshire Fellowships".

Subsequently I have been sent photocopies of pages from "Willis's Current Notes" dated Sept. 1855 in which Thomas Ingledew is discussed.  The author of this particular essay signs his name Angeltheow so I assume it is written and researched by Henry Ingledew, John Pybus Ingledew's father, presumably as a consequence of his   having recently read his son's diary (made in 1854).  (Henry would sign his name "Angelšeow" according to his grandson Norman).  Two extracts follow:

"The Statutes of Magdalen College, Oxford, given by the founder William of Waynflete Bishop of Winchester in 1479, and lately printed by desire of Her Majesty's Commissioners for enquiring into the state of the University of Oxford, from a manuscript in the Bodleian Library, contain the tenor of an ordinance intituled - Compositio Magistri Thomę Ingeldew - whereby it appears that THOMAS INGLEDEW a Clerk of the Diocese of York gave to Magdalen College Oxford a sum of money to be laid out in the purchase of land for founding two Fellowships."

"The two Fellows were to celebrate for the souls of Thomas Ingeldew, and of John Bowyke and Eleanor Aske; and it was provided that Thomas Ingeldew's cousin, Richard Marshall of University College, should hold one of the Fellowships." ¹

More recently I was shown some correspondence from an archivist at Magdalen College, Oxford, on the same subject.  The following is a letter from Dr. Robin Darwall-Smith.

"Indeed Thomas Ingledew was a good friend to this College in its early years, with his gift of 723 marks (which translates as £482 - a generous sum). However, we do not know that much about him. He came from the Diocese of York, and he hoped that, in choosing candidates for his Fellowships, the College would choose in preference people from the dioceses of York or Durham. He appears to have studied in Oxford, we do not know where, and some title deeds show that he was still living here in the 1450's. He became a priest and in 1453 he was appointed vicar of Holy Trinity the Less in London, but vacated this post shortly afterwards in 1455. We do not know when he died."

"We also do not know anything more about his family background. Our only information comes from the deed in which he gives the College the money for his Fellowships, in which he asks that yearly prayers be said for his soul, and those of John Bowyk, clerk, Alianor Aske, and his parents, whom he does not name. He must have acquired means from somewhere, but whether this was inherited or bought we do not know." ²

 

Incidentally, when my great great grandfather Henry Ingledew was 90, he retired from being a solicitor in Newcastle and moved back to North Yorkshire. He developed an interest in heraldry and in due course designed a crest and a coat of arms with this motto " Angli et Angelthewos ex Wodeno " which may be broadly translated as " The English and the Ingledews are descended from Woden " !

"It is highly probable that Ingledew, Engledue, and Engeldow are corruptions of Angeltheow mentioned in the Saxon Chronicle under the years 626 and 755, keeping in view the Saxon character š for th." ¹

 

References:

¹ "Willis's Current Notes" Sept. 1855

² Letter to Lady Prudence Studd Jan. 2000

 


Brian Ingledew from Tonbridge in Kent sent me a long list of names of Ingledews which he had extracted from the records compiled by the Mormon Church.  The names are mostly taken from (parish) christening and marriage records between about 1550 and 1880.   (There was no legal obligation to register births marriages and deaths until the 19th century).  To read the list, click HERE.